Someone wrote to me asking about Sarum choir dress, at least of secular clergy who are not cathedral canons. For the time being, I can only suspect that the Church of England did not invent a choir habit after the Reformation. In the absence of evidence to the contrary, I assume it was cassock, long surplice, academic hood and tippet.
Choir habit with full Wareham Guild hood (see below for explanation)
Choir habit with “modern” hood (see below for explanation)
Here is what I wrote in the Anglo-Catholic in February 2010:
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The New Liturgical Movement has just produced a fine article on the almuce, a garment worn by cathedral canons of some dioceses over the surplice or rochet. I read theology at Fribourg University (Switzerland) in the 1980’s and saw canons of the cathedral still wearing this amazing garment.
A comment to this article tells us:
In England the almuce developed into two garments (or a garment in two parts).
The academic hood is descended from the almuce, and also the preaching scarf which has also been know as a choral tippet. An English cleric in choir habit should wear, on top of the surlice, an academic hood to which he is entitled and a black preaching scarf.
Untill the 18th century the hood had a full shoulder cape, but when the clergy affected wigs they could not get the hood over their heads. The cape was split down the front and the garment thrown over the back. Judges still wear the more primitive form of the hood, and wear it with the scarf, which is descended from the pendants of an almuce.
In the 19th century the Warham Guild attempts to restore the academic hood to its former shape. Some robemakers will make a hood in the Warham shape if requested.
British Armed Forces Chaplains of all denominations wear a scarf with chaplaincy badges and medals. Medals because the scarf/tippet/almuce is an ornament of personal dignity and not a sacerdotal vestment – not a stole. Some chaplains have confused this.